Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to various similar varieties of apparel originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, plus the British affect on the wider Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western entire world as sleeping attire for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London More outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually due to the White Ants."[ten]


Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component commonly includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.

In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length,[16] or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.

Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume major around shorts or short pants.[eighteen]

Pajamas may today make reference to Ladies's mixture daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked More within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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